Sunday, September 23, 2007

In our previous post we explained the areas of web designing. In this post we will elaborate one area that is color.

Color has different names like Shade, Tint, Hue and Chrome.

In olden days people used to make colors using natural elements and these colors were also limited. Now we have many different shades of a single color made by using chemicals and all.

There are two types of colors.
1) Pigment colors- colors that we use for painting on paper, canvas, fabric, glass etc. and for printing purpose.
2) Light colors- These colors come from the ray of light. These colors are invisible to human eye without any medium. ( we can see colors of light through spectrum)

Internet is an electronic media and the colors we see on the screen of our computer or television or mobile are light colors. Electronic media make light colors visible to human eye.

Let’s learn color theory.

Primary colors-

Yellow- Red- Blue – Primary colors are basic colors, that are original colors and are not the mixture of any two colors.

Secondary colors-

Orange – Violet – Green – These are secondary colors and are the mixture of primary colors e.g.
Yellow + Red = Orange
Red + Blue = Violet
Blue + Yellow = Green


Color- wheel plays very important role in color theory. All the color theories are based on this color wheel.

Color schemes-
Color scheme is a combination of different colors.
Here are some color schemes created considering color wheel containing primary and secondary colors in color theory.

1) Mono chromatic color scheme- Mono means one. Color scheme which contains any single colors and it’s light and dark shades.
2) Achromatic color scheme- Achromatic means without colors. Black and white are not considered as colors in color theory. So black and white color scheme is called Achromatic color scheme.
3) Contrast or Opposite color scheme- This color scheme contains colors that are opposite to each other in color wheel. E.g. Red- Green
4) Analogous color scheme- This color scheme contains colors that neighbouring to each other. E.g Yellow- Orange

It is not like we have to follow these color schemes while designing. But if you are confused with colors or got stuck with any color issue, following these color schemes is the best solution. Alternatively, send us an email with your query.

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